Virginia Cyberstalking Laws
If any person, with the intent to coerce, intimidate, or harass any person, shall use a computer or computer network to communicate obscene, vulgar, profane, lewd, lascivious, or indecent language, or make any suggestion or proposal of an obscene nature, or threaten any illegal or immoral act, he shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
North Carolina Cyberstalking Laws
- The following definitions apply in this section:
- Electronic communication. – Any transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature, transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, computer, electromagnetic, photoelectric, or photo-optical system.
- Electronic mail. – The transmission of information or communication by the use of the Internet, a computer, a facsimile machine, a pager, a cellular telephone, a video recorder, or other electronic means sent to a person identified by a unique address or address number and received by that person.
- It is unlawful for a person to:
- Use in electronic mail or electronic communication any words or language threatening to inflict bodily harm to any person or to that person’s child, sibling, spouse, or dependent, or physical injury to the property of any person, or for the purpose of extorting money or other things of value from any person.
- Electronically mail or electronically communicate to another repeatedly, whether or not conversation ensues, for the purpose of abusing, annoying, threatening, terrifying, harassing, or embarrassing any person.
- Electronically mail or electronically communicate to another and to knowingly make any false statement concerning death, injury, illness, disfigurement, indecent conduct, or criminal conduct of the person electronically mailed or of any member of the person’s family or household with the intent to abuse, annoy, threaten, terrify, harass, or embarrass.
- Knowingly permit an electronic communication device under the person’s control to be used for any purpose prohibited by this section.
- Any offense under this section committed by the use of electronic mail or electronic communication may be deemed to have been committed where the electronic mail or electronic communication was originally sent, originally received in this State, or first viewed by any person in this State.
- Any person violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor.
- This section does not apply to any peaceable, nonviolent, or nonthreatening activity intended to express political views or to provide lawful information to others. This section shall not be construed to impair any constitutionally protected activity, including speech, protest, or assembly. (2000-125, s. 1; 2000-140, s. 91.)
Maryland Cyberstalking Laws
§ 3-805. Misuse of electronic mail.
(a) “Electronic mail” defined.- In this section, “electronic mail” means the transmission of information or a communication by the use of a computer or other electronic means that is sent to a person identified by a unique address and that is received by the person.
(b) Prohibited.- A person may not use electronic mail with the intent to harass:
- one or more persons; or
- by sending lewd, lascivious, or obscene material.
(c) Construction of section.- It is not a violation of this section for any of the following persons to provide information, facilities, or technical assistance to another who is authorized by federal or State law to intercept or provide electronic mail or to conduct surveillance of electronic mail, if a court order directs the person to provide the information, facilities, or technical assistance:
- a provider of electronic mail;
- an officer, employee, agent, landlord, or custodian of a provider of electronic mail; or
- a person specified in a court order directing the provision of information, facilities, or technical assistance to another who is authorized by federal or State law to intercept or provide electronic mail or to conduct surveillance of electronic mail.
(d) Exception.- This section does not apply to a peaceable activity intended to express a political view or provide information to others.
(e) Penalty.- A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction is subject to imprisonment not exceeding 1 year or a fine not exceeding $500 or both.
[An. Code 1957, art. 27, § 555C; 2002, ch. 26, § 2.]
Maine Cyberstalking Laws
Status: Signed by the governor, effective September 17, 2001
Effective June 7, 2001, Sec. 1. 17-A MRSA §210-A, sub-§2, ¶A, as enacted by PL 1995, c. 668, §3, is amended to read:
A. “Course of conduct” means repeatedly maintaining a visual or physical proximity to a person or repeatedly conveying oral or written threats, threats implied by conduct or a combination of threats and conduct directed at or toward a person. “Course of conduct” also means, with intent to harass, annoy or alarm another person, communicating or causing a communication to be initiated by mechanical or electronic means or otherwise with that person, anonymously or otherwise, by telephone, telegraph, mail or any other form of written communication via computer, use of computer networking, electronic mail, and utilizing the internet. For purposes of this section, “course of conduct” also includes, but is not limited to, gaining unauthorized access to personal, medical, financial or other identifying information, including access by computer network, mail, telephone or written communication. “Course of conduct” does not include activity protected by the Constitution of Maine, the United States Constitution or by state or federal statute.
This bill amends the crime of stalking to include communicating by electronic means with a person with the intent to harass, annoy or alarm that person.